About the rights with which we are born

The radical natural law and the social justi ce from K. Marx up to neoliberalism

  • Todor Kuljić

Abstract

The natural law is a overempiric law that does not owe his dignity to the legal norm than to the intrinsic qualities of a human being. This paper presents a different hierarchical position of the natural law in the critics of capitalism from K.Marx to our days and its different intonation as a superpositive framework of justice. One should analitically differentiate between (1) theoretical search for social justice in the philosophy of the natural law (K.Marx, M.Weber, G.Radbruch, L.Strauss, E.Bloch, Lj.Tadić) and (2) empirical identification of power relations that allowed or hindered social justice in the reality. The paper provides analysis of historically different relationships between positive and radical natural law in both the compressed 20th century epochal concience and today’s neoliberal one. In addition, it compares role of the natural law in capitalism and socialism and differentiates between social justice from above and social justice from below. The first one is gratuitous, paternalistic and limited, the second one is radical and has to be conquered. Radical natural law should express itself as a fully developed social justice liberated from capitalism. Critic of social unjustice from the viewpoint of natural law has no practical effects in our days, and in spite of it, it is not anachronistic.
Keywords: natural law, positiv law, social justice, capitalism, socialism.

References

Bahr, Hans-Dieter (1969), Ontologija i utopija (prevod s nemačkog), Praxis (V), br.1-2: 130-142.

Bloch, Ernst (1966), Tubingenski uvod u filozofiju (prevod s nemačkog), Nolit, Beograd (1.Auflage 1963)

Bloch, E. (1977), Prirodno pravo i ljudsko dostojanstvo (prevod s nemačkog), Beograd, Komunist (1.Auflage 1961)

Breuer, Stefan internet (1983), Sozialgeschichte des Naturrechts, Wiesbaden, Springer Fachmedien, https://books.google.rs/books?isbn=3663143147 Pristupljeno 2. marta 2016.

Creydt, Meinhard (2005), „Das Elend der Gerechtigkeit – Gerechtigkeit als normatives Pendant sozialen Elends“, Magazin Streifzüge (Wien) 34.

Demirović Alex internet (2008), Neoliberalismus und Hegemonie, in Christoph Butterwegge, Bettina Losch, Ralf Ptak, hg. Neoliberalismus: Analysen und Alternativen, VS, Wiesbaden: 17:33. Neoliberalismus: Analysen und Alternativen https://books.google.rs/books?isbn=353115186X Pristupljeno 2. marta 2016.

Dornheim, Andreas/ Franzen, Winfried/ Thumfart, Alexander/ Waschkuhn, Arno (1999), „Zur Plurivalenz von Gerechtigkeitsdiskursen – Ein Problemaufriss“, in Dornheim, A. / Franzen, W. / Thumfart, A. /Waschkuhn, hg. A. Gerechtigkeit : – Interdisziplinare Grundlagen, Westdeutscher Verlag: 7-46.

Dreier, Horst (2007), „Naturrecht und Rechtspositivismus“, in Wilfried Härle, Bernhard Vogel, hg. 2007: Vom Rechte dass mit uns geboren ist, Aktuelle Probleme des Naturrechts, Herder Verlag, Freiburg: 127-170.

Habermas, Jirgen (1980), Teorija i praksa – socijalnofilozofske studije (prevod s nemačkog), Beograd, BIGZ.

Marks, Karl (1946), Beda filozofije (prevod s nemačkog), Kultura , Beograd 1946 (1.Aufl. 1847)

Marks, K. (1950), Kritika Gotskog programa, u K.Marks/F.Engels, Izabrana dela u dva toma, Tom II, Beograd, Kultura: 9-28.

Marcuse, Herbert internet (1969), Repressive Tolerance, in: Robert Paul Wolff, Barrington Moore i Herbert Marcuse: A Critique of Pure Tolerance. Boston: Beacon Press.: 95-137. www.marcuse.org › ... › Publications Pristupljeno 4. marta 2016.

Radbruh, Gustav (1980), Filozofija prava (prevod s nemačkog), Beograd, Nolit (1. Aufl. 1932)

Ros, Alf (1996), Pravo i pravda (prevod s engleskog), Podgorica, CID.

Strauss, Leo (1971), Prirodno pravo i istorija, prevod s engleskog, V.Masleša, Sarajevo (1.edit. 1953).

Tadić, Ljubomir (1967), Poredak i sloboda – prilozi kritici političke svesti, Beograd, Kultura 1967.

Tadić, Lj. (1971), Razvitak i kriza prirodnog prava u delu Lea Straussa, pogovor knjizi L.Strauss, Prirodno pravo i istorija: 277-284.

Tadić, Lj. (1980), Dijalektika ilegitimnosti i legitimnosti vlasti u socijalizmu, Filozofske studije XII: 3-99.

Tadić, Lj. (1983), Filozofija prava, Zagreb, Naprijed.

Veber, Maks (1976), Privreda i društvo (prevod s nemačkog), I tom, Beograd, Prosveta (1.Auflage 1922)

Vračar, Stevan (1980), Radbruhovo filozofskopravno stanovište, u G.Radbruh, Filozofija prava IX-XLVII
Published
2017-03-24
How to Cite
KULJIĆ, Todor. About the rights with which we are born. Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society, [S.l.], v. 28, n. 1, p. 153-174, mar. 2017. ISSN 2334-8577. Available at: <http://journal.instifdt.bg.ac.rs/index.php?journal=fid&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=510>. Date accessed: 26 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.2298/FID1701153K.
Section
STUDIES AND ARTICLES