Subjective Universality of Great Novelists as an Artistic Measure of History’s Advance towards Actualising Kant’s Vision of Freedom
The main idea behind this article is that in order to understand the
meaning that Kant’s political philosophy is rendered to by the given
socio-historical context of a community we need to turn for help to
artistic genius whose subjective “I” holds a general feeling of the world
and life. It is in this sense that authors of great novels can help us in two
ways. First, their works summarise for our imagination artistic truth about
man’s capacity for humanity, the very thing that Kant considers to be
the scientifically improvable “fact of reason”. Second, works of great
writers offer for our insight destinies of individuals who decide to pursue
moral dictate in a society, thus actualising the potential that lies hidden
in all of us, making us worthy of respect. As we lack objective scientific
standard of measurement, artist’s universal feeling of the world is impressed
upon us through a narrative about a man who, in a given society and in
a given moment, decides to exercise his autonomy and seek the divine
in himself. Contemporary social scientists’ attempts to prove historical
progress is characterised by the very lack of humbleness. Referring to
the great novelists’ works in this article is aimed to remind scientists of
restraint and self-control demanded from them by the citizen of Konigsberg.
Arendt Hannah (1992), Lectures on Kant’s Political Philosophy, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Burke, Edmund (1910), Reflections on the French Revolution. London: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
Caranti, Luigi (2017), Kant’s Political Legacy. Human Rights, Peace, Progress. Cardiff: University of Wales Press.
Cassirer, Ernst (1970), Rousseau, Kant Goethe. Two Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cassirer, Ernst (1981), Kant’s Life and Thought. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ciaran, Cronin (2003),“Kant’s Politics of Enlightement“, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 41: 51–80.
De Maistre, Joseph (2006), Considérations sur la France : Suivi de Essai sur le principe générateur des constitutions politiques. Bruxelles: Editions Complexe.
Douzinas, Costas (2013), Philosophy and Resistance in the Crisis. Cambridge: Polity.
Habermas, Jurgen (2012), The Crisis of the European Union: A Response. Cambridge: Polity Press.BOOK SYMPOSIUM │ 585
Hegel, Georg Friedrich, (1892), Lectures on the History of Philosophy, Volume One. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Kant, Immanuel (1998), Critique of Pure Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (2000), Critique of the Power of Judgement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (2006), Toward Perpetual Peace and Other Writings on Politics, Peace, and History. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Kant, Immanuel (2011), Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime and Other Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kolakowski, Leszek (1978). Main Currents of Marxism. Its Rise Growth and Dissolution. Volume one. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Koselleck Reinhart (1988), Critique and Crisis. Enlightenment and the Pathogenesis of Modern Society. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Kovačević, Bojan (2017), Europe’s Hidden Federalism: Federal Experiences of European Integration. London and New York: Routledge.
Lukacs, Georg (1971), The Theory of the Novel. Cambridge Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Maus, Ingeborg (2015), Menschenrechte, Demokratie und Frieden, Perspektiven globaler Organisation. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
Mirandola, Pico (1998), On the Dignity of Man. Indianapolis/ Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company.
Renan, Ernest (1996), Qu’est-ce qu’une nation et outres écrits politiques. Paris: Imprimerie nationale.
Schmitt, Carl (2007), The Concept of the Political. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Schmitt, Carl (2005), Political Theology. Four Chapters on the Concept of Sovereignty. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Wolin, S. Sheldon, (2008), Democracy Incorporated. Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the Philosophy and Society will be Open-Access articles distributed under a CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License.