Ius sive Potentia: Paul and Spinoza

  • Miroslav Milović Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Brasilia
Keywords: St. Paul, Spinoza, potency, ontology, universalism

Abstract

This article is a part of a research project entitled Law as Potency, that, broadly put, investigates the relation between law and ontology. I argue, starting from St. Paul, that an ontological perspective can be understood as the possibility of justice, in a sense of a liberation of the human being. Thus, this paper offers an analysis of the concepts of potency and universality. Even though the term ‘universalism’ is not explicitly mentioned, it is present in St. Paul’s thinking and brought onto its practical consequences. In addition, Spinoza’s reading of St. Paul opens up a possibility to challenge this concept to a concept of modern teleology. Therefore, I discuss the consequences of this confrontation in regard to law, politics and economics. This leads to an articulation of another modernity, where, perhaps, the universal appears as the affirmation of difference.

References

Aristóteles (1997), A Política, Trans. by Mário da Gama Kury. Brasília: Editora
Universidade de Brasília.
Badiou, Alain (2009), São Paulo: A fundação do universalismo, Trans. by Wanda
Caldeira Brant. São Paulo: Boitempo.
Balibar, Étienne (2005), Spinoza et la politique. Paris: PUF.
Caputo, John D., Linda M. Alcoff (2009), St. Paul among the Philosophers.
Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.
Deleuze, Gilles (1988), Diferença e repetição, Trans. by Luiz Orlandi and Roberto
Machado. Rio de Janeiro: Relógio d’água.
—. (1981), Spinoza. Philosophie pratique. Paris: Editions de Minuit.
—. (1968), Spinoza et le problème de l’expression. Paris: Editions de Minuit.
—. (1962), Nietzsche et la philosophie. Paris: PUF.
Derrida, Jacques (2002), Negotiations, trans. by Elizabeth Rottenberg. Stanford:
Stanford University Press.
Holzner, Joseph (2008), Paulo de Tarso, trans. by Maria Henriques Osswald. São
Paulo: Aster.
Hegel, Georg W. F. (1986), Vorlesungen über die Geschichte der Philosophie III. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag.
Jennings, Theodore (2013), Outlaw Justice: The Messianic Politics of Paul. Stanford: Stanford University Press
Lordon, Frédéric (2015), Capitalismo, deseo y servidumbre, trans. by Sebastián Puente. Buenos Aires: Tinta Limón.
Spinoza, Baruch (2018), Ética, trans. by Tomaz Tadeu. Belo Horizonte: Autêntica.
—. (2016), Tratado Teológico-Politico, trans. by Diogo Pires Aurélio. São Paulo: Perspectiva.
—. (1983), Tratado Politico, trans. by L. Damasco Penna and J. B. Damasco Penna. São Paulo: Martins Fontes.
Published
2020-03-28