Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society <p>&nbsp;<em>Filozofija i društvo </em>/ <em>Philosophy and Society</em> is a peer reviewed, open access academic journal established in 1987 and published&nbsp;quarterly by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory</a>, University of Belgrade. The journal was founded by members of the Belgrade ‘Praxis School’. The journal strives to cover and present key tendencies of contemporary theory and, at the same time, to encourage research in studies of philosophy and the humanities. It promotes innovative and critical thinking, open and constructive debate, creating in this way a clear space for an ongoing dialogue about questions of intellectual and social reality within the international academic community.&nbsp;<em>Contributions of high quality</em> – regardless of their tradition, school of thought or disciplinary background – are welcome. The journal covers a wide breadth of philosophical and social questions that are theoretically orientated. In accordance with this, the editorial board equally values disciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented studies.</p> <p>The highest quality of editorial standard is ensured by the international membership and disciplinary expertise of the editorial board.</p> Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade, Serbia en-US Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society 0353-5738 <p>Articles published in the&nbsp;<em>Philosophy and Society</em>&nbsp;will be Open-Access articles distributed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License</a>.</p> UTOPIAN THOUGHT BETWEEN WORDS AND ACTION: Seminar with Raymond Geuss <p>UTOPIAN THOUGHT BETWEEN WORDS AND ACTION:<br>Seminar with Raymond Geuss<br>Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade, February, 2016.</p> Raymond Geuss ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-25 2018-09-25 29 3 319 352 What does it mean to be an alien? Bernhard Waldenfels and politics of responsive interculturalism <p>The author analyzes the politics of responsive interculturalism in Bernhard Waldenfels’ thought, starting from the assumption that after Husserl’s phenomenology only two fundamental concepts – body and the Other – should be considered. In contemporary German “post-phenomenology” the first concept was systematically articulated by Hermann Schmitz, while the latter theme has been advanced in Waldenfels’ works as the phenomenology of the alien, up until the end of Western metaphysics. In the two parts of the discussion, the author draws on his fundamental hypothesis about aporias and paradoxes of interculturalism, since responsiveness and xenology cannot reach the positive definition of the concept of culture in the era of global entropy. The analysis, therefore, deals with the questions: (1) what is the responsiveness of man in relation to the Other, including the different ways of his presence in the world; and (2) whether the Other as alien and uncanny (<em>Unheimlich</em>) calls into question the basic assumption of phenomenology as such – the intentionality of consciousness?</p> Žarko Paić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 355 376 10.2298/FID1803355P Polemology and xenology: Waldenfels and the sting of the alien <p>After explaining why phenomenology of the alien cannot be counted among traditional philosophical disciplines, the author explores why all of European history can be read as the “shading of the alien” (<em>Verblendung des Fremden</em>), although not in the sense of mere disregarding, neglecting or denying of the alien, but disciplining it, manipulating and exploiting it. The alien has not been forgotten for centuries, it was always in the European focus, but only as an instance through which the sense of power was traditionally constructed. Following the basic presumptions of Bernhard Waldenfels’ phenomenology of the alien the article presents the shading of the alien as analogous to the process of its naturalization. As if the tradition of European colonialism can be best understood in the key of <em>maître et possesseur de’l </em>é<em>tranger</em>. That is to say, the European legacy shows, in an extraordinary manner, that the alien can be transformed into a resource, from which we can appropriate and assimilate everything. A crucial insight for Waldenfels is also that strangeness is not reducible to a narrow segment of reality, whether it is culture, religion or art-based, because strangeness is a radical dimension that transcends all regions.</p> Dragan Prole ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 377 386 10.2298/FID1803377P Hearing voices: Paul Celan with Bernhard Waldenfels <p>The paper discusses voice as a medium of human communication through the indirect approach of listening. After designating the multifaceted nature of the voice, the author dedicates attention to Bernhard Waldenfels’ theory of the voice as developed on the basis of the phenomenology of the alien. According to Waldenfels, the polyphony of the vocal, in which the own and the alien re-sound in mutual permeation, calls for the possibility of responsive listening. In the concluding portion of the article, the author takes into consideration one of the poems from the cycle “Stimmen” (“Voices”) that Paul Celan published in the collection <em>Sprachgitter</em>. With regard also to Celan’s auto-poetological writings, the ensuing interpretation attempts to briefly sketch the contours of the anti-politics of voice.</p> Andrej Božič ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 387 398 10.2298/FID1803387B Political morality and neutrality <p>The article gives the reasons why a distinction between political morality and ethical conceptions needs to be drawn, as well as the reasons for which political liberalism is a substantial moral conception, and as such in tension with certain understandings of the neutrality. Further, the text analyzes the definition of personality through capacity for action (above all ethical). Recognition of this capacity is necessary, but not sufficient to attribute to a person a special status from the standpoint of political morality, since individuals also must be capable to coordinate their ethical actions with moral principles of others. Further, the text critiques Charles Larmore’s moral grounding of the theory of justice on respect of persons by arguing that the concept of respect should be considered as part of the complex interrelationships with other moral concepts, such as equality. In this way, neutrality regarding content of respect, as well as neutrality regarding capacity for ethical action turns out to be insufficient.</p> Michal Sládeček ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 401 414 10.2298/FID1803401S Fictionalism and the Problem of Universals in the Philosophy of Mathematics <p>Many long-standing problems pertaining to contemporary philosophy of mathematics can be traced back to different approaches in determining the nature of mathematical entities which have been dominated by the debate between realists and nominalists. Through this discussion conceptualism is represented as a middle solution. However, it seems that until the 20<sup>th </sup>century there was no third position that would not necessitate any reliance on one of the two points of view. Fictionalism, on the other hand, observes mathematical entities in a radically different way. This is reflected in the claim that the concepts being used in mathematics are nothing but a product of human fiction. This paper discusses the relationship between fictionalism and two traditional viewpoints within the discussion which attempts to successfully determine the ontological status of universals. One of the main points, demonstrated with concrete examples, is that fictionalism cannot be classified as a nominalist position (despite contrary claims of authors such as Hartry Field). Since fictionalism is observed as an independent viewpoint, it is necessary to examine its range as well as the sustainability of the implications of opinions stated by their advocates.</p> Strahinja Đorđević ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 415 428 10.2298/FID1803415D The Case of Transhumanism: The Possibility of Application of Nietzsche’s Ethics and Critique of Morality Today <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 8.0pt; color: #221e1f;">Transhumanism, the movement that promotes radical enhancement by non-traditional means based in scientific and technological advances, has contributed to contemporary interest in Nietzsche’s philosophy. In this paper, we are going to claim that transhumanists’ references to Nietzsche’s philosophy are unfounded. Moreover, we will make a few remarks about Nietzsche’s ethical doctrine in order to show that his conception of enhancement, contrary to transhumanist conceptions, relies on traditional means, such as upbringing and education. Although Nietzsche’s positive ethical doctrines cannot be used to justify transhumanist goals, his critique of morality can be used as a critique of the transhumanist conceptions of human enhancement.</span></p> Miloš Agatonović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 429 439 10.2298/FID1803429A „Ewiges Ballet“ in Platons Höhle <p class="Default" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 8.0pt; color: #221e1f;">Die Präsentation versucht, die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von Denken und Realität im gegenwärtigen technisch-technologischen entstehenden Vergehen. Verborgen damit sind alle grundlegenden philosophischen Fragen verbunden, und vor allem die Frage nach der Möglichkeit, „von“ oder „jenseits“ der entstehenden-vergehenden Realität zu denken. Die zeitgenössische Debatte kehrt damit zum transzendental-immanenten Charakter der Meinung zurück, die trotz der neu entstandenen/vergangenen Situation, als Frage möglicher Begründung des philosophischen Wissens man mit seinen traditionellen Formen und Leistungsweisen vergleichen kann. Das Feld dieses Tanzes ist eine neue „Höhlenwand“, die in ihrer kraftvollen Darbietung die Technik und die Technologie inszenieren.</span></p> Drago Perović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 441 452 10.2298/FID1803441P Pamala Wiepking and Femida Handy (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. <p>Pamala Wiepking and Femida Handy (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Global Philanthropy, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.</p> <p>Bojana Radovanović</p> Bojana Radovanović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 455 456 Darrell P. Arnold (ed.), Traditions of Systems Theory. Major Figures and Contemporary Developments, London/New York, Routledge, 2014. <p>Darrell P. Arnold (ed.), <em>Traditions of Systems Theory. Major Figures and Contemporary Developments</em>, London/New York, Routledge, 2014.</p> <p>Mark Losoncz</p> Mark Losoncz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 457 461 Giovanni Giorgini and Elena Irrera (eds.), The Roots of Respect. A Historic-Philosophical Itinerary, Berlin, Walter de Gruyter, 2017.) <p>Giovanni Giorgini and Elena Irrera (eds.), <em>The Roots of Respect. A Historic-Philosophical Itinerary</em>, Berlin, Walter de Gruyter, 2017.</p> <p>Marina Budić</p> Marina Budić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 462 464 Inbal Ofer and Tamar Groves (eds.), Performing Citizenship. Social Movements across the Globe, London/New York, Routledge, 2016. <p>Inbal Ofer and Tamar Groves (eds.)<em>, Performing Citizenship. Social Movements across the Globe</em>, London/New York, Routledge, 2016.</p> <p>Jovana Papović</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Jovana Papović ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 465 468 Jaime Rodríguez Matos, Writing of the Formless. José Lezama Lima and the End of Time, New York, Fordham University Press, 2017. <p>Jaime Rodríguez Matos, <em>Writing of the Formless. José Lezama Lima and the End of Time</em>, New York, Fordham University Press, 2017.</p> <p>Djurdja Trajković</p> Djurdja Trajković ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 29 3 469 470