Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society <p>&nbsp;<em>Filozofija i društvo </em>/ <em>Philosophy and Society</em> is a peer reviewed, open access academic journal established in 1987 and published&nbsp;quarterly by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory</a>, University of Belgrade. The journal was founded by members of the Belgrade ‘Praxis School’. The journal strives to cover and present key tendencies of contemporary theory and, at the same time, to encourage research in studies of philosophy and the humanities. It promotes innovative and critical thinking, open and constructive debate, creating in this way a clear space for an ongoing dialogue about questions of intellectual and social reality within the international academic community.&nbsp;<em>Contributions of high quality</em> – regardless of their tradition, school of thought or disciplinary background – are welcome. The journal covers a wide breadth of philosophical and social questions that are theoretically orientated. In accordance with this, the editorial board equally values disciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented studies.</p> <p>The highest quality of editorial standard is ensured by the international membership and disciplinary expertise of the editorial board.</p> Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, University of Belgrade, Serbia en-US Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society 0353-5738 <p>Articles published in the&nbsp;<em>Philosophy and Society</em>&nbsp;will be Open-Access articles distributed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License</a>.</p> Vehicles, Contents and Supervenience <p>Vehicles, Contents and Supervenience</p> Gottfried Vosgerau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-28 2018-12-28 29 4 473 488 10.2298/1804473V Overcoming Deadlock: Scientific and Ethical Reasons to Embrace the Extended Mind Thesis <p>The extended mind thesis maintains that while minds may be centrally<br>located in one’s brain-and-body, they are sometimes partly constituted<br>by tools in our environment. Critics argue that we have no reason to<br>move from the claim that cognition is embedded in the environment to<br>the stronger claim that cognition can be constituted by the environment.<br>I will argue that there are normative reasons, both scientific and ethical,<br>for preferring the extended account of the mind to the rival embedded<br>account.</p> Karina Vold ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 29 4 489 204 10.2298/FID1804489V The Mind beyond the Head: Two Arguments in Favour of Embedded Cognition <p>In this paper I defend situated approaches of cognition, and the idea that&nbsp;mind, body and external world are inseparable. In the first section, I&nbsp;present some anti–Cartesian approaches of cognition and discuss the&nbsp;intuition they share that there is a constitutive interaction between mind,&nbsp;body and external environment. In the second section, I present the&nbsp;fallacy of the <em>Cartesian theater</em> of the mind and explain its theoretical&nbsp;premises. In the third section, I present a spatial argument against it, and&nbsp;argue that some case studies could give support to the idea of the mind&nbsp;stretching over the boundaries of the skull. In the fourth section, I present&nbsp;a temporal argument, and argue that even in this case the idea of an&nbsp;interaction between our cognitive life and the external world has at least&nbsp;a very strong intuitive palatability.</p> Andrea Roselli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 29 4 505 516 10.2298/FID1804505R Ontologization and Pre-theoretical Concept of Practice. Further Reflections on the Problem of Heidegger’s Practical Philosophy <p>Although it is not rare in research to consider Heidegger’s thoughts in the light of the relationship between theory and practice, Heidegger behaves himself against this dichotomy. In order to understand Heidegger’s criticism of this dichotomy and his conception of the original unity between theory and practice, we must trace back to Heidegger’s reading of Aristotle’s practical philosophy. It is attempted to show that Heidegger’s ontologization of practice aims at elaborating the pre-theoretical concept of practice, which is in contrast to the unity of theory and poiesis. The ontologization is realized through the method of formal indication, which in this sense is at the center of Heidegger’s philosophy.</p> Hongjian Wang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-24 2018-12-24 29 4 10.2298/FID1804519W Integrated Foucault: Another Look at Discourse and Power <p>This paper argues that there is continuity in Foucault’s thought, as opposed&nbsp;to the common division of his work into three phases, each marking a&nbsp;distinct field of research – discourse, power, subject. The idea is that there&nbsp;are no radical turns in his work that justify this division; rather, there is a&nbsp;shift of focus: all crucial concepts are present (more or less [in]explicitly)&nbsp;in all periods of his thought and in all of his undoubtedly differently-toned&nbsp;and oriented works. This is shown through examining the characteristics&nbsp;of archaeology and genealogy, their relation, as well as the relation of&nbsp;discursive practices and strategies of power to knowledge. The retrospective&nbsp;and (re)interpretation intend to shed light on the constant interplay&nbsp;between concepts that demonstrate continuity in Foucault’s thought.&nbsp;The viewpoint, based in the integrity of Foucault’s work, offers a better&nbsp;starting point for understanding certain aspects of his theories.</p> Marija Velinov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 29 4 533 544 10.2298/FID1804533V Paul Celan on the Impossibility of Testimony: “Ort meiner eigenen Herkunft” <p>In his poems, Paul Celan does not use words such as territory, border, border crossing, and only very rarely the word space. I would like to reconstruct the traces of “<em>Heimat</em>” in Celan (in a number of poems from different periods “Heimat” plays an important role), and perhaps try to describe what Heimat might have meant for the young Paul Antschel (his real name). That is to say, I would like to understand whether “Heimat” is synonymous with what Celan speaks about, many years after his name change, in the address given on the occasion of the Georg-Buechner- Preis: “<em>Ich suche auch, denn ich bin ja wieder da, wo ich begonnen habe, den Ort meiner eigenen Herkunft.</em>” In the poems written at the time when Antschel is learning Hebrew as well as reading Martin Buber (Israel Chalfen) for the first time, I look for some basic figures Celan ties to his life in Bukovina at the time, in the environment of Czernowitzer Judentums. Aside from the works by Israel Chalfen, Else Keren and Elke Guenzel, I would like to make use of a book published some ten years ago, a detailed listing of Celan’s Paris library. I would like to consult this archive in the coming period, since Celan punctuated the margins of many of those books with evocations of his early creative period.</p> Petar Bojanić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 29 4 545 552 10.2298/FID1804545B Zwischen Philosophie und Staat: Hegels Dialektik der Freiheitsinstitutionalisierung <p>Hegel betrachtet in seinem philosophischen System die verschiedenen Bestimmungen der Freiheit; er unterscheidet die subjektive, objektive und absolute Freiheit. In dieser Arbeit wird mich primär die Dialektik der objektiven Freiheit interessieren, die Hegel am Niveau der Staats- und Geschichtsphilosophie einführt, um danach die Problematik der Geschichtlichkeit der objektiven Freiheit auszulegen, und schließlich zu behaupten, dass der Freiheitsbegriff erst am Niveau des absoluten Geistes die Qualität der wahren Geschichtlichkeit bekommt. Damit wird im Denken ein Raum geöffnet um eine These von der dialektischen Spannung, die in der Hegelschen Auffassung der erfüllenden Freiheit in beiden Niveaus seines Systems anwesend ist, aufzustellen: Nämlich, im Staat als Erreichung der konkreten Freiheit innerhalb der Objektivität des Geistes, als auch im scheinbaren a-politischen Freiheitsbegriff in der Sphäre des absoluten Geistes, bzw. der Sphäre des konkreten Denkens, der Sphäre der Philosophie selbst.</p> Rastko Jovanov ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 29 4 553 564 10.2298/FID1804553J Subjective Universality of Great Novelists as an Artistic Measure of History’s Advance towards Actualising Kant’s Vision of Freedom <p>The main idea behind this article is that in order to understand the<br>meaning that Kant’s political philosophy is rendered to by the given<br>socio-historical context of a community we need to turn for help to<br>artistic genius whose subjective “I” holds a general feeling of the world<br>and life. It is in this sense that authors of great novels can help us in two<br>ways. First, their works summarise for our imagination artistic truth about<br>man’s capacity for humanity, the very thing that Kant considers to be<br>the scientifically improvable “fact of reason”. Second, works of great<br>writers offer for our insight destinies of individuals who decide to pursue<br>moral dictate in a society, thus actualising the potential that lies hidden<br>in all of us, making us worthy of respect. As we lack objective scientific<br>standard of measurement, artist’s universal feeling of the world is impressed<br>upon us through a narrative about a man who, in a given society and in<br>a given moment, decides to exercise his autonomy and seek the divine<br>in himself. Contemporary social scientists’ attempts to prove historical<br>progress is characterised by the very lack of humbleness. Referring to<br>the great novelists’ works in this article is aimed to remind scientists of<br>restraint and self-control demanded from them by the citizen of Konigsberg.</p> Bojan Kovačević ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 567 585 10.2298//FID1804567K Autonomy, Dignity and History in Caranti’s Kant’s Political Legacy <p>In this paper I discuss some relevant theses of Caranti’s Kant’s Political<br>Legacy, whose aim is to provide a consistent account of how we could<br>develop Kant’s political thought and see to what extent Kant’s insights<br>can help us to critically understand the 21st century’s political world.<br>First, I will focus on autonomy as the ground of dignity and discuss<br>Caranti’s arguments against the exclusiveness of the Categorical Imperative<br>as the sole principle of true moral agency. Second, I will take into account<br>Caranti’s views on history and consider whether human rational nature<br>can be regarded as containing teleological – though non-biological –<br>elements, thereby questioning Caranti’s Separability Thesis.</p> Luigi Filieri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 586 597 10.2298/FID1804586F Replies: Autonomy and Human Dignity. A Reassessment of Kant’s Political Legacy. Human Rights, Peace, Progress <p>The paper centers on some problematic theses of my book Kant’s Political&nbsp;Legacy. Human Rights, Peace, Progress (UWP 2017). This reconsideration&nbsp;is occasioned partly by comments I received and partly by my own process&nbsp;of self-criticism. I focus on the point that commentators have mainly&nbsp;criticized, that is, the link I suggest between human dignity and our&nbsp;capacity for moral behavior, or autonomy. The first part recalls the basic&nbsp;features of my Kant-inspired and yet in many regards anti-Kantian account&nbsp;of the relation between dignity and autonomy and replies to some&nbsp;criticisms received from orthodox Kantians. The second part is strictly&nbsp;connected to the first because it deals with the reasons we have to&nbsp;believe that we are autonomous. While in the book I sketched Kant’s&nbsp;own reasons for the ‘reality of freedom,’ as he puts it, I focus now on<br>Bojan Kovačević’s suggestion to look at characters in novels written by&nbsp;artistic geniuses (in particular Leo Tolstoy) to find indirect evidence in&nbsp;favor of autonomy. This allows me to reflect on the kind of evidence one<br>can legitimately expect in the proof at issue. Thirdly, I reply to a classical&nbsp;objection, ignored in the book, that impacts with equal force Kant’s ethics&nbsp;and my own position. The problem concerns people with temporary or<br>permanent impairment of rational capacities. If I let human dignity depend&nbsp;on our capacity for autonomous behavior, am I committed to the&nbsp;counterintuitive (and rather devastating) conclusion that children or&nbsp;people suffering from momentary or irreversible loss of rational capacity,&nbsp;and a fortiori of autonomy, do not have dignity and therefore do not&nbsp;deserve to be protected by human rights?</p> Luigi Caranti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 598 612 10.2298/FID1804598C Contentious Politics in the European (Post-Socialist) (Semi-)Periphery: Mapping Rebellion and Social Protests in Southeast and Eastern Europe <p class="Default"><span style="font-size: 8.0pt; color: #221e1f;">This essay takes a critical and reflective look at two recently published books on contentious politics in the Balkans and Eastern Europe: <em>Social Movements in the Balkans </em>(ed. by F. Bieber and D. Brentin, Routledge 2018) and <em>Ideology and Social Protests in Eastern Europe </em>(V. Stoyanova, Routledge 2018). Focusing on regions somewhat neglected in scholarly analyses of the recent global upsurge of protests, these books aim to fill the gap by highlighting some contextual and regional specificities: a position of economic and geo-political (semi)periphery, weak or unconsolidated democratic institutions, post-socialist and transitional environments, societal (ethnic) divisions, etc. By critically assessing both contributions, in a manner that looks for their complementarity, this essay: examines the characteristics of popular mobilizations and grievances in Southeast and Eastern Europe; questions dominant narratives of political and economic transition and EU integration; re-evaluates socialist heritage and post-socialist political trajectories; discusses the (im) possibilities of articulating political alternatives to representative democracy and free market economy; and addresses the burden of conflicting memories and attitudes towards the region’s socialist past (and, in case of post-Yugoslav states, ethnic conflicts from the 1990s).</span></p> Jelena Vasiljević ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 615 626 10.2298/FID1804615V Luigi Caranti, Kant’s Political Legacy: Human Rights, Peace, Progress, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 2017 <p>Luigi Caranti, Kant’s Political Legacy: Human Rights, Peace, Progress, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 2017</p> <p>Natalia Lerussi</p> Natalia Lerussi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 629 633 Alessandro Ferrara, Rousseau and Critical Theory, Leiden, Brill, 2017 <p>Alessandro Ferrara<em>, Rousseau and Critical Theory</em>, Leiden, Brill, 2017</p> <p>Marjan Ivković</p> Marjan Ivković ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 634 635 Carl Schmitt, Der Schatten Gottes: Introspektionen, Tagebücher und Briefe 1921 bis 1924, Hrsg. von Gerd Giesler, Ernst Hüsmert und Wolfgang H. Spindler, Berlin, Duncker & Humblot 2014. / Carl Schmitt, Tagebücher 1925 Bis 1929, Hrsg. von Martin Tielke und <p>Carl Schmitt, <em>Der Schatten Gottes: Introspektionen, Tagebücher und Briefe 1921 bis 1924</em>, Hrsg. von Gerd Giesler, Ernst Hüsmert und Wolfgang H. Spindler, Berlin, Duncker &amp; Humblot 2014. / Carl Schmitt, <em>Tagebücher 1925 Bis 1929</em>, Hrsg. von Martin Tielke und Gerd Giesler, Berlin, Duncker &amp; Humblot, 2018</p> <p>Petar Bojanić, Željko Radinković</p> Petar Bojanić, Željko Radinković ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-26 2018-12-26 29 4 636 639 Benjamin Moffitt, The Global Rise of Populism. Performance, Political Style, and Representation, Palo Alto, Stanford University Press, 2016 <p>BENJAMIN MOFFITT,<em> THE GLOBAL RISE OF POPULISM.&nbsp;PERFORMANCE, POLITICAL STYLE, AND REPRESENTATION</em>,&nbsp;PALO ALTO, STANFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2016.<br>Agustin Cosovschi</p> Agustin Cosovschi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 29 4 640 642 John M. Cooper, Plato’s Theaethetus, New York, Routledge, 2015 <p>John M. Cooper,<em> Plato’s Theaethetus</em>, New York, Routledge, 2015</p> <p>Aleksandar Kandić</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Aleksandar Kandić ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 29 4 643 646