Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society <p>&nbsp;<em>Filozofija i društvo </em>/ <em>Philosophy and Society</em> is a peer reviewed, open access academic journal established in 1987 and published&nbsp;quarterly by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory</a>, University of Belgrade. The journal was founded by members of the Belgrade ‘Praxis School’. The journal strives to cover and present key tendencies of contemporary theory and, at the same time, to encourage research in studies of philosophy and the humanities. It promotes innovative and critical thinking, open and constructive debate, creating in this way a clear space for an ongoing dialogue about questions of intellectual and social reality within the international academic community.&nbsp;<em>Contributions of high quality</em> – regardless of their tradition, school of thought or disciplinary background – are welcome. The journal covers a wide breadth of philosophical and social questions that are theoretically orientated. In accordance with this, the editorial board equally values disciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented studies.</p> <p>The highest quality of editorial standard is ensured by the international membership and disciplinary expertise of the editorial board.</p> en-US <p>Articles published in the&nbsp;<em>Philosophy and Society</em>&nbsp;will be Open-Access articles distributed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License</a>.</p> (Secretary of Editorial Board) (Miloš Ćipranić) Sat, 28 Sep 2019 18:02:24 +0000 OJS 60 Technikfolgenabschätzung im gesellschaftlichen und kulturellen Kontext (Vorwort) <p>TECHNIK – POLITIK – GESELLSCHAFT</p> Željko Radinković ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Sep 2019 05:20:06 +0000 Role Concepts of Technology Assessment between Postulates of Neutrality and the Demand for Creating Impact <p>Technology assessment (TA) has been evolving as a research-based and anticipatory field of scientific policy-advice for more than fifty years. Its position at the interface between science and policy-making has caused several debates on its adequate roles. Proposals reach from the position of a neutral and distant observer of ongoing developments up to taking an active role in transformation processes fueled by the technological advance, e.g. in favor of sustainable development. In this paper, several role concepts of TA will be discussed against the background of a new framework concept on technology assessment. It will be shown, that TA usually has to take the role of an <em>Honest Broker </em>in assessing new technologies as an umbrella role concept. The specific manifestations of this umbrella role, however, can vary from context to context. The role concept of the Honest Broker serves as an orientation to determine the more specific roles in the tension between assumed neutrality and the obligation to create impact.</p> Armin Grunwald ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Sep 2019 05:26:01 +0000 Zur kulturellen Disposition der Service-Robotik <p>Der Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit Fragen, die die kulturellen Grundlagen der Servicerobotik betreffen. Die Diskussion und Beantwortung dieser Fragen werden im Diskurs über Service-Robotik noch immer vernachlässigt. Zunächst wird erörtert, wie unabhängig Service-Robotik von kulturellen Vorgaben sein kann. Kulturelle Dispositionen haben Auswirkungen auf die angestrebte Adaptivität und Autonomie der Systeme, konkret auch auf deren Sensorik und Aktorik. Service-Robotik muss als kulturell eingebettete Technologie konzipiert werden. Nur in einer physischen und symbolischen Nähe zum konkreten Menschen kann sie zu einem adaptiven und kooperativen System werden. Es werden z.B. nicht nur Organe unterstützt, sondern auch organische Präferenzen, nicht nur Organe überboten, sondern auch kulturelle Vorgaben auf eine höhere Stufe gehoben. Letzteres führt zu einer besonderen Dynamik der Kultur, die sich in neuen Wünschen und Werten artikuliert, die bisher als unerreichbar galten, nun aber eine technische Realisierung erfahren können. Die mit der technischen Aufstufung des gesellschaftlichen Lebens einhergehende Mittelbarkeit der Lebensformen entbindet uns von vielen lebensnotwendigen Verrichtungen, setzt aber zugleich neue kulturelle oder soziale Zwänge. Dienstrobotik trägt dazu bei, die Basis unseres Zusammenlebens neu zu vermessen und nötigt uns diese Basis zu gestalten und reflexiv zu begleiten.</p> Klaus Wiegerling ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 30 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Toward Ideational Collective Action: The Notions of Common Good and of the State in Late 19th Century Social Liberalism <p>The aim of this paper is to analyze notions of common good and of the state in late 19th century British social liberalism and their relation to collective action of the citizens. The author shows that British social liberals argued for a type of state that uses top down strategy to encourage collective action in order to transform individuals into a socially responsible groups, i.e. good citizens. The paper focuses on philosophical works of F. H. Bradley, ethics of T. H. Green and political philosophy of B. Bosanquet, analyzing their efforts to reconceptualize ideas of classical liberalism and utilitarian doctrine of the individual, society and the state in light of emerging influence of leftist social movements. The author argues that the works of British social liberals are a foundation of the state and society which will dominate liberalism in the second half of 20th century, i.e. the idea of the welfare state.</p> Bojan Vranić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Blasting the Past: A Rereading of Walter Benjamin’s Theses on the Philosophy of History <p>The text offers a reappraisal of Walter Benjamin’s <em>Theses on the Philosophy of History </em>(<em>Über den Begriff der Geschichte; </em>‘On the Concept of History’) from the perspective of global politics today and its similarities with the socio-economic and political situation in Europe and the Americas during the 1920s and 30s; more specifically, the impact of crises on the erosion of trust in liberal representative democracy and the concomitant rise of mostly rightwing populist movements and their strongmen leaders, aided to a significant degree by the media, ‘old’ and ‘new’ alike. The purpose of the text is to draw lessons from Benjamin’s vision of materialist historiography for our current political predicament.</p> Žarko Cvejić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The Limits of Individualizing Parenthood in Serbia: Study of Gender Socialization of Children <p>This paper seeks to explore the limits of individualizing parenthood in Serbia, gleaned from the example of gender socialization of children. The main thesis is that the noted limits to individualization of parenthood in contemporary society have a particular Serbian manifestation due to the country’s familism. The study traces the ideology of familism through normative aspects of gender structures within contemporary Serbian society, that is, by analyzing the presence and forms of expression of the patriarchal matrix in upbringing practices of parents, the most significant element of which is the ethics of good parenthood. The analysis shows that individualization of parenthood and more egalitarian patterns of gender socialization occur above all due to the dynamic within the marital relationship, one which abandons the concept of sacrificial parenthood. The analysis presented here is based on data collected in empirical research of upbringing practices in contemporary Serbia.</p> Jelena Ćeriman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Comparative Standard in Institutional Epistemology <p>Which epistemic value is the standard according to which we ought to compare, assess and design institutional arrangements in terms of their epistemic properties? Two main options are agent development (in terms of individual epistemic virtues or capabilities) and attainment of truth. The options are presented through two authoritative contemporary accounts-agent development by Robert Talisse’s understanding in <em>Democracy and Moral Conflict </em>(2009) and attainment of truth by David Estlund’s treatment, most prominently in <em>Democratic Authority: A Philosophical Framework </em>(2008). Both options are shown to be unsatisfactory because they are subject to problematic risk of suboptimal epistemic state lock-in. The ability of the social epistemic system to revise suboptimal epistemic states is argued to be the best option for a comparative standard in institutional epistemology.</p> Marko Luka Zubčić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Lyal S. Sunga (Noam Chomsky, Yugoslavia: Peace, War And Dissolution, Davor Džalto (ed.), PM Press, Oakland, 2018) <p>In this essay, the author reviews and critically assesses the book <em>Yugoslavia: Peace, War, and Dissolution</em>, authored by Noam Chomsky and edited by Davor Džalto. The author also points to the importance and value of the book for the field of political theory, international relations and Yugoslav studies, examining at the same time particular concepts (such as “genocide”) within the broader context of legal theory and international law.</p> Lyal S. Sunga ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Jeremy Bell and Michael Nass (eds.), Plato’s Animals, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2015 <p>Aleksandar Kandić<br>(Jeremy Bell and Michael Nass (eds.), <em>Plato’s Animals</em>, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2015)</p> Aleksandar Kandić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 08:21:22 +0000 Katalin Fábián and Elżbieta Korolczuk (eds.), Rebellious Parents: Parental Movements in Central-Eastern Europe and Russia, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2017 <p>Jelena Ćeriman<br>(Katalin Fábián and Elżbieta Korolczuk (eds.), <em>Rebellious Parents: Parental Movements&nbsp;in Central-Eastern Europe and Russia</em>, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 2017)</p> Jelena Ćeriman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Olivia Custer, Penelope Deutscher and Samir Haddad (eds.), Foucault/Derrida Fifty Years later: The Futures of Genealogy, Deconstruction, and Politics, Columbia University Press, New York, 2016 <p>Marija Velinov<br>(Olivia Custer, Penelope Deutscher and Samir Haddad (eds.), <em>Foucault/Derrida Fifty Years later: The Futures of Genealogy, Deconstruction, and Politics</em>, Columbia University Press, New York, 2016)</p> Marija Velinov ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Max Bergholz, Nasilje kao generativna sila: identitet, nacionalizam i sjećanje u jednoj balkanskoj zajednici, prev. Senada Kreso, Buybook, Sarajevo, 2018 <p>Milivoj Bešlin<br>(Max Bergholz,<em> Nasilje kao generativna sila: identitet, nacionalizam i sjećanje u jednoj balkanskoj zajednici</em>, prev. Senada Kreso, Buybook, Sarajevo, 2018)</p> Milivoj Bešlin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Todor Kuljić, Prognani pojmovi: neoliberalna pojmovna revizija misli o društvu, Clio, Beograd, 2018 <p>Milan Urošević<br>(Todor Kuljić, <em>Prognani pojmovi: neoliberalna pojmovna revizija misli o društvu</em>, Clio, Beograd, 2018)</p> Milan Urošević ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000