Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society <p>&nbsp;<em>Filozofija i društvo </em>/ <em>Philosophy and Society</em> is a peer reviewed, open access academic journal established in 1987 and published&nbsp;quarterly by the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory</a>, University of Belgrade. The journal was founded by members of the Belgrade ‘Praxis School’. The journal strives to cover and present key tendencies of contemporary theory and, at the same time, to encourage research in studies of philosophy and the humanities. It promotes innovative and critical thinking, open and constructive debate, creating in this way a clear space for an ongoing dialogue about questions of intellectual and social reality within the international academic community.&nbsp;<em>Contributions of high quality</em> – regardless of their tradition, school of thought or disciplinary background – are welcome. The journal covers a wide breadth of philosophical and social questions that are theoretically orientated. In accordance with this, the editorial board equally values disciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented studies.</p> <p>The highest quality of editorial standard is ensured by the international membership and disciplinary expertise of the editorial board.</p> en-US <p>Articles published in the&nbsp;<em>Philosophy and Society</em>&nbsp;will be Open-Access articles distributed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License</a>.</p> (Secretary of Editorial Board) (Miloš Ćipranić) Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:34:47 +0000 OJS 60 Institutional Change and the Paradox of (Restitution and) Restauration of the Institution <p>My intention in this text is to present the most significant contribution of some French philosophers and anthropologists to the notion of reconstruction and advancement of institutions. The paradox of change, reform or transformation of the institution – is an entirely new institution possible? How do institutions die? – lies in the difficulty or even impossibility to change something that manifests what we are as a group. If institutions really present or represent the relations among all of us, how can they be changed in the first place? Whence the capacity for change? What allows for the idea of the “new”?</p> Petar Bojanić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Dec 2019 20:19:05 +0000 Constitutive Justice and Human Rights <p>In order to show the validity of here proposed conception of social ontology and its advantages over descriptive theories of social reality, which in the analysis of the socio-ontological status of human rights find only legally understood normativity as present in social reality, we will first (1) lay out Searle’s interpretation of human rights. In the second step, we will (2) introduce the methodical approach and basic concepts of our socio-ontological position, and explain the structure of the relationship between justice, law, morality, social institutions and collective intentionality. At the end (3) we will show how our theory of social ontology is better than Searle’s legal positivism in examining the ontological status of human rights. At the end, (3) we show in what ways such a theory of social ontology more intuitively and with wider arguments explains the ontological status of institution of human rights than Searle’s legal positivism.</p> Rastko Jovanov, Marija Velinov ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Dec 2019 20:23:38 +0000 Engagement and political institutions: the case of ombudsman <p>&nbsp;In this article, I examine the relationship between engagement and political institutions by using the example of the creation and development of the ombudsman institution. The article starts with the short introduction to key theoretical views about institutions, political institutions and institutionalization. Then, I concentrate on how political institutions change, i.e. whether they can be changed through social engagement and whether and when we can actually say that they are originally created by an engagement. By using the case of ombudsman, I explore if political institutions can engage themselves and under what conditions, that is, whether are institutions characterized by in-built permanent reflexivity possible.</p> Luka Glušac ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Dec 2019 21:20:06 +0000 Hume’s Theory of Social Constitution of the Self <p>Hume distinguishes between the self of thought and imagination and the self of the passions. He is criticized for contradicting himself as he allegedly attributes fictitiousness to the self in book one of the Treatise but later reintroduces the self in books two and three. Hume’s account of the idea of the self, however, is not contradictory: he shows the impossibility of a pure associationist-empiricist account of the self. Instead, he proposes a social account of the constitution of the idea of the self and consciousness. In doing so, Hume’s account of the self anticipates social-historical theories of the self.</p> Siyaves Azeri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Dec 2019 21:23:51 +0000 Team and Project Composition in Big Physics Experiments <p>Identifying optimal ways of organizing exploration in particle physics mega-labs is a challenging task that requires a combination of case-based and formal epistemic approaches. Data-driven studies suggest that projects pursued by smaller master-teams (fewer members, fewer sub-teams) are substantially more efficient than larger ones across sciences, including experimental particle physics. Smaller teams also seem to make better project choices than larger, centralized teams. Yet the epistemic requirement of small, decentralized, and diverse teams contradicts the often emphasized and allegedly inescapable logic of discovery that forces physicists pursuing the fundamental levels of the physical world to perform centralized experiments in mega-labs at high energies. We explain, however, that this epistemic requirement could be met, since the nature of theoretical and physical constraints in high energy physics and the technological obstacles stemming from them turn out to be surprisingly open-ended.</p> Slobodan Perović ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 27 Dec 2019 22:21:31 +0000 Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Machinocene: Illusions of Instrumental Reason <p>&nbsp;In their seminal work, <em>Dialectics of Enlightenment</em>, Horkheimer and Adorno interpreted capitalism as the irrational monetization of nature. In the present work, I analyze three 21<sup>st </sup>century concepts, Anthropocene, Capitalocene and Machinocene, in light of Horkheimer and Adorno’s arguments and recent arguments from the philosophy of biology. The analysis reveals a remarkable prescience of the term “instrumental reason”, which is present in each of the three concepts in a profound and cryptic way. In my interpretation, the term describes the propensity of science based on the notion of physicalism to interpret nature as the machine analyzable and programmable by the human reason. As a result, the Anthropocene concept is built around the mechanicist model, which may be presented as the metaphor of the car without brakes. In a similar fashion, the Machinocene concept predicts the emergence of the mechanical mind, which will dominate nature in the near future. Finally, the Capitalocene concept turns a perfectly rational ambition to expand knowledge into an irrational obsession with over-knowledge, by employing the institutionalized science as the engine of capitalism without brakes. The common denominator of all three concepts is the irrational propensity to legitimize self-destruction. Potential avenues for countering the effects of “instrumental reason” are suggested.</p> Predrag Slijepčević ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Dec 2019 16:27:34 +0000 Die Phänomenologie Edmund Husserls als eidetische Wissenschaft <p>Der Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit Husserls Lehre von der kategorialen An­schauung als einem der wichtigsten Momente seines Versuchs der Grund­legung der Phänomenologie als eidetischer Wissenschaft. Ausgehend von Husserls phänomenologischen Kritik an Versuchen einer Naturalisierung des Bewusstseins, werden insbesondere die Probleme der Bedeutungs­intention und -erfüllung, des Unterschieds zwischen sinnlicher und kate­gorialer Anschauung, der kategorialen Formung und der sog. Wesens­anschauung erörtert. In diesem Zusammenhang geht es auch um die Abgrenzung des Husserlschen transzendentalphilosophischen Ansatzes von der transzendentalphilosophischen Axiomatik Immanuel Kants.</p> Željko Radinković ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Dec 2019 16:30:45 +0000 Eine hermeneutische Untersuchung der sprachlich-historischen Apriorität <p>Die vorliegende Arbeit berücksichtigt die Philosophie und Poetik der Geschichte und der Sprache a priori im poetischen und literarischen Werk von Peter Handke, in seinem poetologischen Essay <em>Ich bin ein Bewohner des Elfenbeinturms </em>und seinem Drama <em>Die Fahrt im Einbaum oder das Stück zum Film vom Krieg</em>, und zwar im Ausgang von der kantianischen Idee der Apriorität der Geschichte. Die Geschichte a priori ist, laut Kant, möglich, „wenn der Wahrsager die Begebenheiten selber macht und veranstaltet, die er zum voraus verkündigt“. Die identische Idee vom Subjekt, das vor der Geschichte besteht, finden wir auch im poetischen Werk von Peter Handke, sowohl in seinen poetologischen Schriften, als auch in seinem dichterischen Werk. Das Ziel der Arbeit ist, durch eine immanente, phänomenologisch-hermeneutische Deutung der Werke des Philosophen und des Schriftstellers die unumstrittene enge Beziehung zwischen ihren geschichtsphilosophischen, bzw. – poetologischen Ideen aufzuweisen und einen allgemeinen philosophisch-dichterischen Rahmen für die Erklärung aller Geschichtsphilosophien ohne Ausnahmen zu geben.</p> Miloš M. Jovanović ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Dec 2019 16:34:03 +0000 Ethical and Ontological Dimension of Kierkegaard’s Perception of Freedom <p>Starting with the point of freedom being one of unavoidable ideas of existential philosophy, as well as philosophy in general, we shall consider ethical and ontological aspects of contemplation of freedom in Kierkegaard’s philosophy. We deem that existential philosophy, “contemplated” in all its variations, represents the very horizon or manner of philosophical comprehension of freedom phenomena, where freedom is integrally observed, thus allowing us to talk about unique bliss of ontological and ethical dimension, both of those appearing to be equally important. Therefore, freedom dominates the Kierkegaard’s determination of individual, co-determines all its leap stages but also continually makes possible the sense of human existence.</p> Jugoslav Vuk Tepić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Dec 2019 17:19:47 +0000 AN INTELLECTUAL AFFAIR – MEETING HANNAH ARENDT, An Interview with Richard Bernstein <p>INTERVIEW</p> <p>Matthias Bormuth<br>An Intellectual Affair – Meeting Hannah Arendt: An Interview with Richard Bernstein</p> Matthias Bormuth ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 28 Dec 2019 17:23:24 +0000 Catherine Zuckert, Machiavelli’s Politics, University Of Chicago Press, Chicago & London, 2017 <p>Maja Korolija (Catherine Zuckert, Machiavelli’s Politics, University Of Chicago Press, Chicago &amp; London, 2017)</p> Maja Korolija ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:16:48 +0000 Theodora Vetta, Democracy Struggles: NGOs and the Politics of Aid in Serbia, Berghahn, New York, 2018 <p>Sanja Petkovska<br>(Theodora Vetta, Democracy Struggles: NGOs and the Politics of Aid in Serbia, Berghahn,<br>New York, 2018)</p> Sanja Petkovska ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:19:38 +0000 Lik Boltanski i Nensi Frejzer, Dominacija i emancipacija, prev. Olja Petronić, Mediterran Publishing, Novi Sad, 2018 <p>Srđan Prodanović<br>(Lik Boltanski i Nensi Frejzer, Dominacija i emancipacija, prev. Olja Petronić, Mediterran Publishing, Novi Sad, 2018)</p> Srđan Prodanović ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:23:04 +0000 Ksenija Šulović, Hose Ortega i Gaset – život i delo sa bibliografijom, Filozofski fakultet, Novi Sad, 2019 <p>Miloš Ćipranić<br>(Ksenija Šulović, Hose Ortega i Gaset – život i delo sa bibliografijom, Filozofski fakultet, Novi Sad, 2019)</p> Miloš Ćipranić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sun, 29 Dec 2019 17:27:33 +0000