Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society <p>&nbsp;<em>Filozofija i društvo </em>/ <em>Philosophy and Society</em> is a peer reviewed, open access academic journal established in 1987 and published&nbsp;quarterly by the <a href="" target="_blank">Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory</a>, University of Belgrade. The journal strives to cover and present key tendencies of contemporary theory and, at the same time, to encourage research in studies of philosophy and the humanities. It promotes innovative and critical thinking, open and constructive debate, creating in this way a clear space for an ongoing dialogue about questions of intellectual and social reality within the international academic community.&nbsp;<em>Contributions of high quality</em> – regardless of their tradition, school of thought or disciplinary background – are welcome. The journal covers a wide breadth of philosophical and social questions that are theoretically orientated. In accordance with this, the editorial board equally values disciplinary and interdisciplinary oriented studies.</p> <p>The highest quality of editorial standard is ensured by the international membership and disciplinary expertise of the editorial board.</p> en-US <p>Articles published in the&nbsp;<em>Philosophy and Society</em>&nbsp;will be Open-Access articles distributed under a&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License</a>.</p> (Secretary of Editorial Board) Fri, 22 Dec 2017 20:54:01 +0000 OJS 60 Collective Responsibilities of Random Collections <p>Collective Responsibilities of Random Collections<br>Seminar with Hans Bernhard Schmid<br>Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade, October 2017</p> Hans Bernhard Schmid ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 22 Dec 2017 20:52:24 +0000 Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness and Experiential Selfhood: Singular and Plural <p>Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness and Experiential Selfhood: Singular and Plural Seminar with Dan Zahavi<br>Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory, Belgrade, June 2017</p> Dan Zahavi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 22 Dec 2017 21:03:16 +0000 Epistemic Justice as a Virtue in Hermeneutic Psychotherapy <p>The value turn in epistemology generated a particularly influential new position – virtue epistemology. It is an increasingly influential epistemological normative approach that opts for the intellectual virtues of the epistemic agent, rather than the truth-value of the proposition, as the central epistemic value. In the first part of this article we will attempt to briefly explain the value turn and outline the basic aspects of virtue epistemology, underlining the diversity of epistemic attitudes associated with this approach and their positive impact on expanding epistemological horizons. The second part will be focused on the virtues of epistemic responsibility and epistemic justice as particularly appropriate for evaluating social processes such as, for example, testimony and conversational practices in general. In the third section we will show how the psychiatric and psychotherapeutic communicational act can be more efficiently analyzed and evaluated from the perspective of the virtue of epistemic justice, than from the traditional epistemic approach based on a monist concept of truth. The fourth and fifth section synthesize the discussion by introducing the concept of hermeneutic psychotherapy as a therapeutically and epistemically favorable framework for evaluating communicational acts in psychotherapy.</p> Snježana Prijić – Samaržija, Inka Miškulin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 07:06:35 +0000 The Inextricable Entanglement of Argumentation and Interpretation in Law <p>At the basis of tireless efforts to explain the nature of law lies the question of how judges should decide cases. Therefrom arises a need for a theory that would clarify the role of the courts and, moreover, provide guidance to them on reaching judgments. The history of legal theory abounds with various attempts to offer a generally acceptable answer to the question raised. The fervor of debate and the perpetual dissatisfaction with offered solutions prompted the thought of untamable arbitrariness of judges. In the contemporary debate the significance of argumentation is particularly emphasized as a link of the court procedure which provides reasonableness and therewith justification and persuasiveness of the decision.</p> <p>Before going into the matter, I will indicate in broad strokes which areas of legal theory do argumentation and interpretation belong to. The purpose of setting a conceptual framework is to prevent losing sight of the whole as well as to limit the scope of discourse to a certain section of legal issues. The second part deals with the concept of argumentation in general and some specific features of the argumentation in law. The third part examines the role of legal interpretation and draws a clear distinction between the interpretation as a process and the interpretation as a result. At the end of the discussion I shall put forward a thesis that the interpretation as a process is argumentation, while the interpretation as a result is an argument in the justification of judgment.</p> Miloš Marković ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 07:25:10 +0000 Against Deflation of the Subject <p>I will argue that accounts of mineness and pre-reflective self-awareness can be helpful to panpsychists in solving the combination problems. A common strategy in answering the subject combination problem in panpsychism is to deflate the subject, eliminating or reducing subjects to experience. Many modern panpsychist theories are deflationist or endorse deflationist accounts of subjects, such as Parfit’s reductionism of personal identity and G. Strawson’s identity view. To see if there can be deflation we need to understand what the subject/self is. One aspect of consciousness left unexplored and unappreciated by panpsychist theories is pre-reflective self-consciousness/self-awareness. Theories of the self, inspired by phenomenology, that are serious about subjectivity, could be of use in arguing against the deflationary reductionism of the experiencing subject. These theories show that there is more to the subject of experience than just its experiences (qualities). Even without arguing for any precise account of the nature of the self, it can be shown what phenomenology of subjective character of consciousness and pre-reflective self-awareness contributes to the combination problem debate.</p> Janko Nešić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 07:30:25 +0000 What Is an Architectural Concept? The “Concept” of Deleuze and “Project” of Eisenman <p>Two great theories – one in philosophy, one in architecture – emerge nearly simultaneously in the twentieth century: Gilles Deleuze’s understanding of the “concept,” that is, defining philosophy as an activity that produces concepts, and Peter Eisenman’s idea of the “project” as a platform, “position,” or “theory” of an architect. My intention is to suggest and problematize the idea of the concept as “capacity” or “potentiality” implying the production of a multitude of “concepts” or varying “conceptions.” Deleuze’s great significance for architecture of this century allowed for the construction of the “concept” as “author’s potential,” the source of activity and creative architectural acts. An <em>architectural </em>concept, determined in the course of the text, and thanks to which architectural terminology is redefined, could potentially be quite useful in philosophy and theory of the subject.</p> Snežana Vesnić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 08:34:05 +0000 The Importance of Knowledge for Wellbeing of Society in the Contemporary World <p>Following the recent wave of globalization, the possession of different types of knowledge became even more important for economic development than the possession of physical resources. The ability of a society to adopt existing and create new knowledge thus gained fundamental importance for its wellbeing. In this paper, we identify important aspects of the relationship between education, creation of knowledge, economic growth, as well as both material and immate­rial wellbeing of a society. We describe potential problems that prevent societies from maximizing the benefit from the effort its members invest in acquiring knowledge. The problems of failure of the national markets for education as well as the global migrations which lead to drain of knowledge towards economically highly developed countries are especially analyzed. In the long run, they lead to a decline in both national competitiveness and different aspects of the immate­rial wellbeing. As the basis for solving these problems we propose a combination of economic theory and the concept of solidarity between more and less devel­oped countries, individuals and societies of their origin, respecting the free will of individuals.</p> Dušan Z. Marković, Mrđan M. Mlađan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 10:08:08 +0000 Relation of Science and Political Ideology with Examples from Science and Education Field in Relations between USSR and FPRY <p>Our intention is to consider the relation between science and political ideology in the case of the dynamics of the relation between the FPRY and the USSR, i.e. their science policies. In that sense, we will analyze the history of cooperation and the practical consequences of the break in 1948, in the field of the educa­tional and scientific system of the FPRY, while considering economic and polit­ical transformation in context of the Cold War. We will show that in the scientific field in the FPRY, a transformation has also begun in accordance with this liberal turn, which in ideological terms led the society to the new ruling paradigm – Titoism. In relation to the previous, Marxist-Leninist position – due to which Yu­goslavia, in terms of science policy and organization of science, as well as other fields, was modeled after USSR – the focus now has been moved from the thesis of interweaving science and social needs to the idea of „sovereignty“ of science. Tangible consequences of the influence of these liberal ideological elements in science and the educational system were a departure from social problems and atomization of scientific organization, while in the educational field, among oth­er things, a decrease in the literacy rate is noted. Through this analyses of the scientific and educational social position in the context of these political chang­es, the conclusion can be drawn that this field, just like other social fields, was more or less subordinated to the market needs.</p> Maja Korolija ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 13:53:33 +0000 Reflecting on the Principles and Problems of Solidarity <p>This review essay takes a critical look at two recently published edited volumes, both focusing on the notion and problems of solidarity. <em>Solidarity: Theory and Practice </em>(Laitinen and Pessi, eds.) attempts to unpack the complex idea of solidaristic practice by looking at a whole range of related concepts, such as the social brain, collective intentionality, empathy, work, and voluntary organizations. <em>The Strains of Commitment: The Political Sources of Solidarity in Diverse Societies </em>(Banting and Kymlicka, eds.), on the other hand, focuses on a concrete problem: the generation and maintenance of redistributive solidarity within societies marked by diversity. Still, both volumes take a thorough and systematic look at existing scholarship on solidarity, and by encompassing both the theoretical and the empirical, mark a significant step forward in deepening our understanding of the role and place of solidarity in general social theory.</p> Jelena Vasiljević ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 13:59:16 +0000 Thaddeus Metz: Meaning in Life: An Analytic Study, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013. Aleksandar Fatić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0000 Jan-Werner Müller, 1197 What is Populism?, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2016. Michal Sládeček ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0000 Milan M. Ćirković, Opšta teorija žirafa, Heliks, Smederevo, 2016. Predrag Slijepčević ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 14:15:06 +0000 Biljana Albahari, Pisanje stradanja: knjiga o knjigama. Vodič kroz publikacije o Holokaustu, Institut za filozofiju i društvenu teoriju, Beograd, 2017. Predrag Krstić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 14:22:21 +0000 Nikola Samardžić, Identitet Španije, Admiral Books, Beograd, 2014. Miloš Ćipranić ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 14:30:02 +0000 Ana Russell-Omaljev, Divided we Stand: Discourses on Identity in ’First’ and ’Other’ Serbia, Ibidem Verlag, Stuttgart, 2016. Aleksandar Pavlović ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 23 Dec 2017 14:34:02 +0000