Dialectics as Immanent Critique. Or, Dialectics as Both Ontology and Epistemology with a Practical Intention

Authors

  • Shijun Tong Department of Philosophy, East China Normal University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2101029S

Keywords:

dialectics, ontology, epistemology, Mao, Hegel, critical theory

Abstract

This response to Asger Sørensen’s paper From Ontology to Epistemology: Tong, Mao and Hegel is made on the basis of a reflection on the author’s intellectual development with special reference to the idea of ‘dialectics’. This development is mainly composed of three periods, in which the author formed his strong antipathy toward dialectics as a mere tool of power (in the 1970s), learnt to understand the importance of ‘dialogical logic’ in providing conceptual tools for human knowledge of a type of reality which is both objective and subjective – human practices (in the 1980s) – and attempted to understand the ‘dialectics of rationalization’ by integrating ‘dialectics’ in the Western tradition of Critical Theory with the Chinese tradition of ‘dialectics’ systematically interpreted by Feng Qi (1915-1995) since the 1990s.

References

Adorno, Theodor W. (1983), Against Epistemology: A Metacritique, Studies in Husserl and the Phenomenological Antinomies, Cambridge (Massachusetts): The MIT Press.

Feng, Qi (1996), Dialectics of Logical Thinking, Shangai: East China Normal University Press.

Habermas, Jürgen (1954), “Die Dialektik der Rationalisierung: Vom Pauperismus in Produktion und Konsum”, Merkur VIII (8): 701–724.

—. (1973), Theory and Practice, Boston: Beacon Press. —. (1984), The Theory of Communicative Action, Volume 1, Reason and the Rationalization of Society, Boston: Beacon Press.

—. (1995), Justification and Application, Cambridge (Massachusetts), London: The MIT Press.

Honneth, Axel; Knödler-Bunte, Eberhard; Widmann, Arno (1981), “Dialectics of Rationalization: An Interview with Jürgen Habermas”, Telos 49: 5–31.

Marcuse, Herbert (1991), One-Dimensional Man: Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society, London, New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Marx, Karl (2000), Selected Writings, David McLellan (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Marx, Karl; Engels, Friedrich (1981), Werke, Band 1, Berlin: Dietz Verlag.

—. (2004), Collected Works, vol. 35, New York: International Publishers.

—. (2010), Collected Works, vol. 3, London: Lawrence & Wishart Electric Book.

Rawls, John (1993), Political Liberalism, New York: Columbia University Press.

Sørensen, Asger (2019), Capitalism, Alienation and Critique: Studies in Economy and Dialectics, Leiden, Boston: Brill.

Tong, Shijun (2000), Dialectics of Modernization: Habermas and the Chinese Discourse of Modernization, Sydney: Wild Peony Pty Ltd.

—. (2001), “Habermas and the Chinese Discourse of Modernity”, Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 1: 81–105.

Published

2021-03-30

How to Cite

Tong, S. (2021) “Dialectics as Immanent Critique. Or, Dialectics as Both Ontology and Epistemology with a Practical Intention”, Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society. Belgrade, Serbia, 32(1), pp. 29–39. doi: 10.2298/FID2101029S.