Classical Critical Theory, Epistemological Dialectics and General Economy. Reply to Criticism Raised in Belgrade and Shanghai

Authors

  • Asger Sørensen Department of Educational Philosophy and General Education, Aarhus University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.2298/FID2101040S

Keywords:

dialectics, capitalism, critical theory, epistemology, negation, general economy

Abstract

In my response, I initially defend my preference for classical Critical Theory, emphasizing its continued relevance in capitalist modernity, stressing that the epistemological approach does not imply dogmatism with regards to scientific theory or Historical Materialism, just as it does not imply closure with regards to political democracy. When it comes to the dialectics of the classics, I also defend an epistemological approach, arguing that the dialectics aiming for truth implies critique and negativity. However, confronted with the duality of transcendental ideas and historical relativity, I express my confidence in human intuition. Following Hegel, determinate negation must sublate the intuitively conceived universality to a new conception that contains the result of the negation. Finally, I do not see how the conceptual aporias of general economy can be solved by the current political degrowth project. Still, politics is what we need more of, namely social democracy.

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Published

2021-03-30

How to Cite

Sørensen, A. (2021) “Classical Critical Theory, Epistemological Dialectics and General Economy. Reply to Criticism Raised in Belgrade and Shanghai”, Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society. Belgrade, Serbia, 32(1), pp. 40–64. doi: 10.2298/FID2101040S.